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At school, we are forced to study well, ensuring that this is what will be the guarantee of success in life. In fact, there is an opinion, slightly anti-pedagogical, that being a bad student is not at all ashamed.
Sometimes it can even be an important stepping stone on the path to fame. History knows examples of excellent students and child prodigies who, after success in childhood, could not develop their capabilities as adults.
So, the young poetess Nika Turbina released her first collection of poems at the age of 9, the girl was supervised by Yevgeny Yevtushenko himself. And after 16 years, all-Union glory began to fade. As a result, at the age of 27, Nika committed suicide. Christopher Langan, who has the highest IQ in the US, is now a forester ... the list goes on.
Below we will talk about ten of the most famous Losers in human history. The reasons for the failure were varied, but these people did not get bad grades to achieve world fame and recognition.
Winston Churchill. This case of poor academic performance is the most classic and most persistent. Winston was the eldest son of his aristocratic parents. The boy was playful since childhood, with an extreme dislike of the learning process from a very early age. Churchill recalls that education first appeared before him in the form of the ominous figure of a governess, whose appearance was announced in advance. The boy was forced to prepare for that day by studying Reading Without Tears. Every day, Winston and his nanny read in agony, and the boy immediately realized that this process was not only tedious, but also completely useless. As a result, when the governess appeared in the nursery, the book remained unread. Churchill did what many other Losers did in such situations - he ran away! At the age of nine, education firmly entered the life of the future politician - he was assigned to the private school of St. George in Ascot. It was there that Churchill really experienced all the delights of English education. After all, in this school, students were regularly beaten, and Winston was among the most lagging students. At the same time, it was impossible to call the boy stupid - sometimes the teachers found him in some secluded corner, reading an adult book. Only now Churchill refused to study his lessons, study diligently, and generally show any interest. Two whole years have passed since the beginning of the studies, and the young lord showed no progress in the exams. As a result, his parents were forced to take him home, however, not for long. At the age of thirteen, Winston was again assigned to Harrow Private School. At this age, the boy has already learned to imitate his learning ability, the deuces in the exams were replaced by triples. But all the same, it was Churchill who was considered one of the weak students. He was even removed from the study of Latin and Ancient Greek, along with the rest of the boobies in the class. Instead of these noble languages, Winston additionally taught his native English. Probably, those lessons were beneficial to Churchill, because he later received the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Andrey Tarkovsky. Now we can state that Andrey was not very lucky with his school years. After all, he went to the first grade of the Moscow school number 554 in 1939. The boy did not have time to get involved in the learning process, as the war broke out. Andrei was evacuated to his relatives in the provincial Yuryevets. Further childhood was hungry and terrible. There is no need to talk about elementary school in such conditions. But at a transitional age, Andrei began to have difficulties. Or rather, not even with him, but with his mother, who raised her son alone after leaving his father's family. The poor woman could not possibly establish discipline in her difficult son. In high school, Tarkovsky, along with the elite of other poor students, became a dandy. In the mind of the teenager was not study, but fashionable clothes and American music with accompanying adventures in post-war Moscow. The school with its rules and dogmas seemed to Tarkovsky as a temporary misunderstanding. After all, real life was in full swing outside the walls of the educational institution. Andrei recalls that he had an amazing craving for the street, despite all its corrupting influence and the ensuing consequences. As a result of all the efforts of the mother, there was only enough for a four in literature. History, like most of the exact sciences, was rated at three, and in chemistry and drawing in general, there were two in the certificate. In 1951, the future director entered the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies. Probably, peers simply had no interest in this direction, which created a low competition. However, a year later Tarkovsky realized that studying there was a hopeless task. The future director began to independently replenish his life experience, which he always considered his main university.
Vladimir Mayakovsky. Soviet literary critics shyly kept silent about the failure of the famous poet, so as not to confuse the pioneers. In an extreme case, this attitude towards learning was attributed to revolutionary fervor. That the boy really was active, but you can't throw out a deuce at school from his biography. However, they did not begin immediately. Mayakovsky in his autobiography "I myself" says that the first three grades studied exclusively for the five. Volodya was lively and inquisitive, he was loved by both his parents and teachers. It would seem, where do the reasons for antisocial behavior come from? But in 1905, the city of Kutais, where Mayakovsky studied, found himself in the very center of revolutionary events. This especially affected the students of the local gymnasium, who strongly advocated the change of the existing unjust system. Probably, this is not unusual, because we are talking about young adolescents, whose blood is boiling, and the heart craves action. Thanks to his agility and older sisters, eleven-year-old Volodya got into the revolutionary circle of high school students. From that moment on, all my studies went to dust. Speaking at meetings was much more fun than teaching lessons. Frightened by such a metamorphosis of children, the teachers did them all sorts of indulgences, the poor student Mayakovsky even moved to the next class. The poet recalled that he entered the fourth grade only because he was bruised with a stone and regretted re-examinations. I must say that the fight with the stones largely characterizes the boy's revolutionary activities at that time. In 1906, the Mayakovsky family lost their father - he unexpectedly died of blood poisoning. This was followed by a move to Moscow, where Volodya began to study at the 5th classical gymnasium (now school №91). However, by and large, the move did not change anything in Mayakovsky's life - his mother rented a room to students, who then almost all were working underground. What lessons could we talk about when political life was in full swing very close? In the fifth grade, Volodya finally said goodbye to school. As a result, he developed a lifelong contempt for the treasures of human culture. This attitude, on the other hand, gave a certain adolescent categoricality and freshness to Russian futurism.
Honore de Balzac. The writer himself, like his biographers, notes that the main problem in Honoré's childhood was the dislike of his mother. Madame Balzac herself, being a young Parisian at one time, married a rich old man by calculation. The woman began to nurture her first child with enthusiasm, but the child lived only a month. That is why the mother did not feel tender feelings for the second child, Honore, immediately giving it to the nurse. Since then, the boy practically did not see his mother, all the more so soon she had two more children, more beloved, who, according to rumors, belonged to the not old Balzac. The cozy village nursery house was soon replaced by the Church-run Vendome Boarding College. This institution combines the features of a monastery and a prison. The pupils were not even taken from here on vacations, but such an environment was considered useful for young, fragile souls. It is not surprising that Honore was offended by the whole world and withdrew into himself, not paying attention to external influences. In the classroom, the boy seemed to be absent - he looked out the window, answered questions unintelligibly. Such academic successes annoyed the parents even more. The lazy and stupid boy often went to the closet under the stairs, serving his sentence there. There the boy calmly took out a hidden book and began to read. As a result, this place even fell in love with Balzac, because there you could spend time in peace and quiet. So seven years of study passed imperceptibly, during which Honore interrupted from twos to threes, received threats from his parents and read voraciously in the punishment cell. As a result, the long stay on the cold floor negatively affected the boy's health - he lost weight and became even more lethargic. After one of the long illnesses, Balzac almost fell into a coma, and the monks preferred to send the student home as soon as possible. Young Honoré subsequently attended two more educational institutions, but nowhere did he shine with knowledge. As a result, the father simply waved his hand at his son, giving him the opportunity to independently arrange his destiny. Today we understand that such a decision turned out to be extremely prophetic.
Richard Branson. Our list of Losers lacks some financial genius who hasn't been prevented from making a fortune by poor studies. Such, for example, is Richard Branson. This multimillionaire once founded the Virgin Group Corporation, promoting the idea of private space tourism today. In school lessons, the future financier could not connect even two words, he stuttered, bellowed and blushed desperately when he was called to the blackboard. As Richard grew up, he was able to establish that he suffered from dyslexia throughout his childhood. This neurological disorder is characterized by an inability to recognize written language. But as an adult, Branson was able to overcome this disease. When he was little, no one knew about such a disease, so they considered the future millionaire and honorary knight of Great Britain just a fool.
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. And in this case we are talking about bullying a physically disabled person. The cosmonautics ideologist made it onto our list due to his hearing loss. This phenomenon was a consequence of scarlet fever, suffered at the age of ten. Little Kostya could only hear scraps of his teacher's phrases, which was the reason for poor academic performance. Just do not forget that Tsiolkovsky loved to hooligan, like all the other boys. So this student of the Vyatka men's gymnasium has repeatedly got to the punishment cell for his tricks. Already in the second grade, the 13-year-old gymnasium student stayed for the second year, and was completely expelled from the third grade for academic failure. Although Tsiolkovsky never studied anywhere else, he never said goodbye to the educational system. Six years later, Konstantin successfully passed the exams for teachers, having received an official direction at work from the Ministry of Education.
Thomas Edison. Little Tom's childhood can be called happy. His father was a laborer, and his mother was a former school teacher with infinite patience. Parents loved their little son very much, allowing him to be naughty. The boy loved to destroy bumblebee nests and steal eggs from birds. Life for pleasure continued until 1854. Then they decided to send seven-year-old Edison to school. The boy was dressed in a clean suit and taken by the hand to the school of a certain Reverend JB Ingle, which was the only one in town. This "teacher" practiced a simple teaching method. Pupils had to memorize long chunks of text, and for mistakes they were mercilessly beaten with a ruler on their fingers. However, punishments were also applied simply for prevention. Thomas quickly realized the difference from the home environment, telling his parents on the second day that he didn't like school. The father convincingly instilled in the boy his mistake, however, the compassionate mother somewhat smoothed the conflict. But these measures did not help - after a month of training, Thomas became a round failure. Three months before Christmas, Edison complained with tears in his eyes that Mr. Ingle had called him a moron. The parents were summoned to the school, but the mother decided not to tell her father, but to visit the director herself. Mr. Ingle immediately told her that Thomas was basically unable to learn anything due to mental retardation. The director advised the poor woman to take her son home, which she did. Since then, Thomas Edison has never studied in general education institutions. The famous inventor received all his knowledge at home. His mother was able to teach him to read, but Thomas had problems with writing all his life. Since then, self-education has begun to go briskly. As a result, the boy, recognized by his teachers as a moron, became a millionaire and one of the most prolific inventors in American history.
Joseph Brodsky. Among all the celebrities who have failed, the most seasoned and inveterate can be considered Joseph Alexandrovich Brodsky. It was as if the inner protest of all those Jewish children who were forced to silently sweat over the notes exploded in the boy. Joseph despised teaching in the Soviet school and did it very actively. Brodsky was not a sad dreamer, divorced from reality, looking out the window. Joseph led the life of a bully and a bully who turned out to be responsible in class. At the same time, the boy did this with an expression of condescension to teachers who could not stand him. Joseph's class teacher recalled that the boy's character was persistent, stubborn and lazy. He interfered with the lessons, played naughty. Joseph does his homework extremely poorly, if not at all. This student's notebooks were dirty, sloppy, with extraneous inscriptions and drawings. But it was only the fifth grade, and it was only the beginning. The very next year, Brodsky began to simply leave lessons. The future poet wandered the streets, the facades of houses told him more about history than any textbooks. Brodsky's houses were scolded for such studies, especially his father tried to reason with him. A front-line soldier who saw his son already eight years old after the war had little influence on him. After all, over the years without a man in the family, Joseph learned to be responsible for his own affairs. In 1954, after finishing the seventh grade, Joseph had four deuces - in mathematics, physics, chemistry and English. The negligent student was left for the second year, but in 1955 he dropped out altogether. Formally, Brodsky became an apprentice of a milling machine operator at the Arsenal plant. In fact, he plunged headlong into the boiling and delightful life of a parasite and anti-Soviet. It was she who made Joseph a cynic cosmopolitan and a great poet. As a result, humanity appreciated Brodsky's contribution to world culture with the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Anton Chekhov. The most intelligent of the Russian writers also began with poor studies. But in this case, part of the blame may lie with Anton's father. He kept a small shop of colonial goods in Taganrog. Here, candy and tea, kerosene, herring and soap and even incredible medicines, which are a mixture of mercury, acid, oil and garbage, were mixed on the shelves. This medicine was called the "nest", and later Dr. Chekhov paid tribute to the Russian stomachs that tolerate such a remedy. There was also a tavern in the shop. It was there that little Anton spent most of his childhood, watching. To prevent sellers from stealing goods. Father naively believed that at this time the young schoolboy would do his homework.But in the terrible cold, with numb fingers, amid the smells of herring and the mat of visitors, it was hard to think about the lessons. Anton sat half asleep, because the shop opened at five in the morning, and waited for his father to return. As a result, when the boy was finally released, he did not run to study, but tried to make up for the missed opportunities of his childhood - swimming or sledding, depending on the season. Is it strange after all this that Chekhov did not shine at school? In the third grade he was left for the second year because of the twos in arithmetic and geography, and in the fifth grade again - this time because of the Greek language. Even in Russian literature, the future writer never got more than a four, being content mainly with three. The future writer was lucky only in high school. The father eventually went broke, and the family moved to Moscow. There Chekhov entered a medical institute, began to write stories, and his life changed radically.
Lev Tolstoy. The initial stage of the life of the great writer was rather chaotic. When the boy was not yet two years old, his mother died. Seven years later, Leo became an orphan - and his father died. As a result, Tolstoy spent his childhood with various relatives who did not dare to offend the orphans, allowing them more than usual. Until the age of 16, Leo studied exclusively at home. About what success the count has achieved in the field of study, gives his autobiographical story "Boyhood". There is a chapter with the meaningful title "Unit". At that time, Tolstoy was too proud to take seriously dimwitted teachers, the young man did not show any diligence in his studies. Over time, the family moved to Kazan, the boys, one by one, entered the local Imperial University. For Leo, this undertaking was noble, but useless. Moreover, the Tolstoy's new guardian, Countess Yushkova, a stupid and absurd lady, suddenly decided that an aristocratic bond with an adult and worthy woman could become an educational measure for her nephew. A cheerful salon was created in the house, where they tried to bring the young Tolstoy to a woman according to the advice of his aunt. Leo was saved by his youthful awkwardness, but at that moment there could be no question of studying. Already in the first year, Tolstoy was left for the second year because of the twos in history and German. But the second year of study brought the young man fame as a brilliant performer of songs in vaudeville and a participant in live pictures at the Institute of Noble Maidens. However, such hobbies only exacerbated the problems at the university. Tolstoy never finished his studies until the third year. In the summer he went to his family estate, where he began to read Montesquieu. New knowledge opened up huge horizons for the count, he met Rousseau and realized that he needed to study, but not at the university. Tolstoy began to read a lot, deciding to pass exams for the candidate's rights externally. Only now the reading of Montesquieu was merrily combined with hunting and merry friendly gatherings. So Tolstoy did not receive any official diploma, but during this period he incurred many debts with which he paid off only in his mature years.